The project “The Albanian House” consists in the documentation (descriptive, visual and geographical) of the most representative and characteristic houses of the main Albanian cities and villages. It represents research on the main architectural features of these dwellings, their history, the changes they’ve gone through, over the years and their current state.
HIGHLIGHT: The Albanian House
The most characteristic typologies of houses that testify to a certain socio-economic development in Albania, from the second half of the 18th century, to the first half of the 20th century, from the houses recognized as traditional or vernacular (master-crafted) houses as well as houses after the second half of the 19th century, designed with architects and reconstructed to meet the demands of a more contemporary lifestyle (e.g. the genesis of the contemporary city houses).
The website-platform is a result of, combining theoretical architectural research on the main housing typologies together with practical fieldwork, through interviews with local people and visual documentation of their today-condition, through photography. Starting with literature-based research (link here) brought a more crystalized understanding of the areas of focus, in Albania, where more variations of potential house-typologies could be found. Even though the risk of not being able to find those potential houses on the field was prominent, mostly from relying on a sort of outdated academic documentation and the lack of maintenance of these houses through the years, bringing their decay and further on their demolition.
The main intent is to highlight the features of this very authentic architectural typologies, in both geographical entities: cities and villages, with their different and unifying features, like their facade-treatment, plan organization and volumetric composition, their organization in independent or residential ensembles, the presence of traditional special equipment of production (the house being back then, the place for both living and working), etc.
The platform is in an evolving state, where the main data and website-structure was created during the first four months of the project implementation but is still open to further improvement and enrichment in materials, therefore many more houses are waiting to be included on this public platform, which hopefully will pay a small tribute to these hidden treasures and the collective memory related to them. The implementation of the project was supported by the Swiss Cultural Fund.
A very important part of the project are the visits and ethnographic interviews done with local people from the neighborhoods nearby and the houses’ family members themselves. Apart from the more academic information, the descriptions of these houses contain also information related to people’s memories about them, therefore this information is more dense and rich in layers. Since a house is a more intimate and personal space, some of the families were very welcoming and curious and eager to share their knowledge about the places they have inherited but in some cases, it was difficult to gather information.
Some of the places visited, from where the houses were mapped, are: Shkodër, Shirokë, Theth, Tiranë, Krujë, Kavajë, Elbasan, Durrës, Berat, Gjirokastër, Dukat, Bujanë, Vuno, Korçë, etc, organizing 2-3 days expeditions in each one of them and apart from noticing all these architectural treasures and their richness in details and historical importance, we also noticed a certain emergency situation related to their conditions for a very considerate number of them. 125 houses were mapped, number of houses found only through literature 91, number of houses found through the terrain-expedition 52, number of photos uploaded on Wikimedia Commons 2028.
Since there is a lack of information about this houses online, the need to make this knowledge, all this information more public more accessible for everyone, in one structure, that uses open source platforms, was crucial and urgent. Added value of the project is the fact, it uses open source platforms that permits to everybody to contribute to its continuity through writing on Issues in Github (link at the website-bottom).
The main intent, is to pay a small tribute to these hidden treasures and the collective memory related to them.
Link with all photos: https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/Category:The_Albanian_House
Bibliography for the description: https://thealbanian.house/bibliography
Project manager: Jora Kasapi
Project assistant: Sonia Budini