In 2010, “traditional carpet weaving skills” in Fars and Kashan provinces became part of the UNESCO list of cultural heritage sites.
Handmade Tapestries – Pierre Cardin Home
The making of handmade tapestries
Wool, cotton, and silk fibers are processed either by hand or using industrial spinning machines. The direction in which the spinning of the fibers takes place is called “teist”.
The oldest rug in history is thought to date back to 400-500 BC, and was recently found in the Altai Mountains in Siberia. This tapestry has about 360,000 knots per m2, which is why it has survived to the present day, and today you can see it at the Hermitage Museum in St. Petersburg.
Handmade tapestries, depending on the origin and the technique of their work, are divided into: tapestries made in nomadic tribes, tapestries made in villages, in places dedicated to the production of tapestries or tapestries produced especially for royal palaces.
The coloring process
The dyeing process involves preparing the yarn, to be ready to get the color we want. The prepared fibers are dipped in paint, which is prepared in advance from the roots of plants, vegetables or flowers depending on the colors we want to realize, and left for a certain period of time. The dyed fibers are then left to dry, exposed to air and sunlight. Some colors, especially dark brown, require iron in its composition, which can damage or fade the tapestry material. This often results in earlier fading of dark brown colored areas, creating a vintage, antique effect on oriental rugs.
Tapestry weaving process
The process of weaving handmade tapestries is a process that takes a long time, depending on the quality and size of the tapestry, and can take from several months to several years to complete.
To begin making a rug, one needs a foundation consisting of warps and wefts: Warps are strong, thick threads of cotton, wool or silk which run through the length of the rug. Similar threads which pass under and over the warps from one side to the other are called wefts.
Weaving normally begins from the bottom of the loom, by passing a number of wefts through the warps to form a base to start from. Knots of dyed wool, cotton or silk threads are then tied in rows around consecutive sets of adjacent warps.
When the rug is completed, the warp ends form the fringes that may be weft-faced, braided, tasseled, or secured in other ways.
The Afghan Rug
Afghan rugs are a millennial old tradition of the Afghan people. The traditional design is that of the elephant’s foot translated in the form of an octagon, mainly on a red background combined with dark blue. It takes about 1,200 hours to make such a tapestry. If you desire to give your modern home a traditional touch with vibrant and sophisticated colors, definitely choose the Afghan rug.
The Iranian Seraf rugs
The Iranian Seraf rugs descend from Persia, present-day Iran. The production of these rugs is an essential part of Persian culture which is included in Unesco’s list of cultural assets. It takes about 1530 hours to make such a magnificient rug.
Royal silk rugs
Royal silk rugs can be translated as painting on fabrics. From the name they carry they carry the Iranian royal style rugs. They are 100% silk over silk which means infinite longevity. Such a rug requires about 14,400 hours of work to be woven into an amazing perfection, with a variety of colors and a density of up to 2 million knots per m2.
Hereke rugs are manufactured in Hereke, an Anatolian province. This work of art was created with floral motifs recollected from the 7 hills of Istanbul, giving life to this special rug.