Green spaces have always had an impact on both our mental and physical health. However, little is known nowadays about the impact of these spaces on people with autism, considered globally as one of the most common neurological disorders affecting children. But what is autism? Autism is a complex developmental disorder that typically occurs in the first three years of life and is considered a neurological disorder that affects brain functions. Based on the American Psychological Organization statistical manual, autism disorders involve many areas of development: the ability to interact, the ability to communicate, and the creation of stereotypes in behaviors, interests, and activities.
According to Bronfenbrenner’s theory, we can say that individuals develop in interaction with the environment to which they belong. Numerous researchers have given special attention to environmental risk as a factor that can cause autism. Data from studies show that the percentage of babies born with autism is 8-10% higher in regions contaminated with toxins than in those living in cleaner areas (Kurti, 2013), also an interesting study is that of conducted in 2010 in America entitled “The Relationship between Green Spaces and Autism in Primary School Children in California” whose purpose was to test whether these two environmental factors and autism are related to each other. So does the lack of green spaces cause autism? Is this one of the factors that can lead to the development of this disease? Is there a higher prevalence of autistic children in areas where green spaces are smaller?